From: "Alice K. Turner"
Subject: Re: (urth) Wolfe and Eusebius Date: Tue, 11 Jun 2002 15:42:55 -0400 Thank you very much, Crush, for posting these-- right on the button. One can fossick around among these odd old writings, but I bet GW has too. Useful to have in the archive. alga > Just for completeness sake, I'll post what Eusebius says of the original > Severians and what Irenaeus said of the Encratites: > > Irenaeus ("Against the Heresies" Book I, chap. 28) > Springing from Saturninus and Marcion, those who are called Encratites > (self-controlled) preached against marriage, thus setting aside the original > creation of God, and indirectly blaming Him who made the male and female for > the propagation of the human race. Some of those reckoned among them have > also introduced abstinence from animal food, thus proving themselves > ungrateful to God, who formed all things. They deny, too, the salvation of > him who was first created (Adam). It is but lately, however, that this > opinion has been invented among them. A certain man named Tatian first > introduced the blasphemy. He was a disciple of St. Justin the Martyr's, and > as long as he continued with him he expressed no such views; but after his > martyrdom he separated from the Church, and, excited and puffed up by the > thought of being a teacher, as if he were superior to others, he composed > his own peculiar type of doctrine. He invented a system of certain invisible > Aeons, like the followers of Valentinus; while, like Marcion and Saturninus, > he declared that marriage was nothing else than corruption and fornication. > But his denial of Adam's salvation was an opinion due entirely to himself. > > Eusebius ("Historia Ecclesiastica" Book 4.29, translation by G.A. > Williamson) > "But a little while later a man called Severus lent his weight to this sect, > and in consequence it's members have come to be called Severians after him. > They make use of the Law, the Prophets, and the Gospels, interpreting in > their own peculiar fashion the ideas contained in the Holy Writ, but they > ridicule Paul the Apostle, setting aside his epistles, and reject even the > "Acts of the Apostles". Their old leader Tatian produced a composite work by > somehow combining the gospels, and called it the "Diatesaron": some people > still possess copies. It is said that he was bold enough to alter some of > the Apostles' expressions as though trying to rectify their phraseology. He > has left a great many works, of which the one most generally familiar is his > famous essay 'The Greeks Answered', in which he discusses primitive times, > showing that all the eminent writers of Greece belong to a much later period > than Moses and the Hebrew prophets. This essay is, I think, the best and > most helpful of all his writings." > > - Crush > > > > -- > --