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From: "Nigel Price" 
Subject: (urth) The Tree is my Hat
Date: Sat, 10 May 2003 01:50:49 +0100

The recording of GW's story "The Tree is my Hat" which is available for free
download at http://www.phaseshift.com/tree/ was due to come down last
Tuesday, 6 May, but for the moment still seems to be there. I commend it you
all. It's a great story, and a nice dramatisation. It lasts nearly an hour
and, hey!, it even features Neil Gaiman as an English Christian missionary.
I've listened to it twice, the last time on my pocket PC as I took the dog
for his bedtime walk. I can confirm that it's a really good spooky story to
listen to at 11 o'clock at night when you're walking country lanes in the
dark. I kept looking back over my shoulder...

Please note that the following discussion is full of spoilers for this fine

Ages ago, Robert Borski wrote about this story:

>>"The Tree Is My Hat." A man afflicted with
>>Hansen's disease is cured by the Polynesian
>>version of the AntiChrist as the Millennium
>>turns. Hey, what did you expect from an
>>anthology entitled _999_?  Rather liked this
>>one, but the story is marred in my opinion by
>>Wolfe's heavy-handed character names: Baden,
>>the leper, is married to Mary Christmas, and
>>their children's names are Mark and Adam. Sheesh!

Now, I haven't read this in print, I've only heard it as an MPEG/MP3, but I
don't recall any specific reference to Baden having Hansen's Disease or any
other form of leprosy. His disease is, I think, unnamed. All we know is that
he caught it in Uganda, and that he gets repetitive episodes of fever,
sweating and hallucinations. He tells his wife towards the end of the story
that he may die of his disease within a year, and that if he survives, he is
still likely to die an early death. (This latter statement is of course
prophetic, though his death, which is foreshadowed though not recounted in
the story, seems to be in an aeroplane crash rather than from his disease.)

Anyway, to an ignorant layman like me, Baden's illness sounds a lot like
malaria or some similar tropical disease, rather than leprosy.

Leprosy is mentioned in the story in the discussion between Baden and Rob
the missionary about the strange white dwarf which Baden sees on the beach.
If I recall, Rob mentions leprosy as a possible explanation of the
stranger's appearance, but rejects the idea because the nearest leprosarium
is no closer than the Marshall Islands.

As for the names, well, I've no problems with these! Baden is known as "Bad"
for short, and he is, I think, a bad man, for reasons I shall discuss below.

Yes, his estranged wife is Mary, and I think at the end of the story, when
he sees her ghost on the cliffs above the sea at North Point, she has in
some sense become identified with Stella Maris, Mary as "Star of the Sea".

If I remember right, Baden refers to Mary's father as Pop Christmas. Yes,
she's Father Christmas's daughter!

Are the names Mark and Adam particularly significant? Obviously, Mark is a
gospel writer and Adam is the first man but...in this instance, so what? If
Mary's posthumous explanation to Baden is correct, that she stopped taking
the pill and then had the children while he was away in Africa, then they
must be twins. Um...the apostle Paul refers to Jesus as a second Adam...Mark
is the "mark of Cain"? No, I'm babbling here. At the moment, I see no
particular significance to the names of the two boys.

I only question Mary's explanation because early on, when Baden discusses
his separation from Mary with Rob, he claims that he has no children. Later,
he says that the worst thing a man can do is lie to himself. I did wonder
whether we were supposed to see that Baden is lying to Rob and possibly even
to himself about the inconvenient children. We are not told the ages of the
boys, and we don't have a time frame for Baden's stay in Africa, but the
children don't seem like babes in arms when Mary brings them to visit Baden
on the island. They can talk and seem much more like 5 or 6. In which case,
did Baden know about them and suppress the memory? That would mean that the
ghost Mary is a liar, or a delusion of Baden. On the face of it, that would
fit in with the idea of Baden as damned and self-deluding (again, see
below!), but sit ill with what seems like a perfectly serious development of
the "ghosts at North Point" thread in the story.

As for the business about the millennium turning, well, yes and no. The
critical events take place in February, with the nasty ending being on - I
think - St Valentine's Day. Is Wolfe, the resident of Chicago, referring to
the Death of Love or a more recent and (to him) more local massacre on that

Anyway, on another occasion, also a while back, Joshua A. Solomon wrote
about this story...

>>at first i thought "why does the bookseller
>>have to be black?" it wasn't until the story
>>was over that i figured out it was because whe
>>wasn't a (great white) shark. in fact, the
>>only whites in the story are the narrator,
>>his family and the dwarf with the pasty complexion
>>and the pointy teeth. certainly the dwarf is part
>>shark and the narrator becomes one. the journal
>>entries recall "john marsch" whose writing also
>>became less legible as the story progressed. i
>>suspect the narrator's "attacks" are quite violent.
>>perhaps he (and the coconut knife) were ultimately
>>responsible for the carnage at the end. note, at
>>the very end, the shark is seen flying in the air.
>>perhaps this is just a reflection in the airplane

Well now... We are not told the ethnicity of Rob the missionary, but I think
that we are supposed to assume that he is white. Doesn't he refer somewhere
(I've no easy way of checking!) to someone being "as white as you or I" in
his conversation with Baden? Possibly not...

Maybe the business with the woman in the shop is simply to show that Baden
is sexually attracted to black women? He tries but fails to engage her in
conversation, but will later have an affair with a black islander, even
though his wife by that time is on her way.

OK...My take on the story is as follows!

I think that this is a horror story about damnation, about a man who
wilfully turns his back on Christian belief, only to discover that just
because he doesn't believe in God, that doesn't preclude the possibility of
there being devils.

Baden, "Bad", is ill with a tropical disease caught in Africa. With typical
Lupine ambiguity, there's a chance that nearly everything he sees in this
story is a delusion. I don't think that that is the case, though I do wonder
whether his weakened and feverish state doesn't perhaps make him more
vulnerable to the evil spiritual forces at work on the Pacific island to
which he is sent by the Federal Development Agency (did I get that name
right?) that he works for.

He is estranged from his wife Mary and, as discussed above, may be denying
the fact that he is also leaving behind twin sons. In some symbolic way, Bad
is abandoning his religious as well as his marital faith in deserting Mary,
although this separation is still not complete in the early stages of the
story when he is still e-mailing Mary and her father and talking to Rob
about getting back together his wife.

The island to which he is posted is peopled by Polynesians. Through various
details in the story, including Rob's account and speculations, we gather
that the Polynesians, great sailors and warriors, do not in fact come
originally from Malaya as some ethnologists and historians suppose. Rather,
they are the descendants of an evil priestly and kingly caste who were
exiled from their mountain home at some prehistoric date by their subjects,
who were revolted by their cruelty and human sacrifices. The story is
ambiguous as to where this mountain home might have been. At first it seems
that Rob, who tells Baden about this, is referring to the Andean Incas or
their ancestors. But the references to the stars being like islands, and
Baden's sighting of a UFO with a dorsal fin "like a kid's rocket ship" (but
also, of course, like a shark!), introduces the possibility that the
Polynesians' original home was somewhere on another world. (Yikes! Shades of
Tintin's "Flight 714"...) Their skill in navigating across the Pacific would
then be but a terrestrial echo of their original feats of faring between the

There is a white, hammerhead (not Great White!) shark in the bay where Baden
swims. The mysterious white dwarf with the pointed teeth, Hange
(spelling??), and the shark are one and the same person. When sitting on the
beach under the tree, Hange tells Baden that "The tree is my hat." Baden
thinks that he means that the tree gives him shade, but while the narrative
indicates that this is not quite what he means, it doesn't say just what he
does mean. I think that this is because Hange is the cruel,
human-sacrificing priest of the hidden temple sunken in the bay. His body is
buried on the shore, under the palm tree. It grows over his grave and is in
that sense his hat. He himself is a shade! On the land, his evil, devilish,
spirit appears as a dwarf. In the water, it appears as a hammerhead shark.
He is after Baden's soul. As a shark, he wants to eat Baden. As a priest, he
wants to sacrifice it to his cruel and demonic gods.

Rob, the missionary, is only partly successful in his mission to the
islanders. Some sing in his choir, but many or all - as the local girl who
becomes Baden lover reveals - still worship the old gods of the sunken

As time goes on, Baden gradually comes to deny whatever faith he may once
have had. When he stubs his toe on the rock in the ruined palace in the
jungle, he cries out "Jesus!" (or was it "Christ"? - whichever!), and I'm
sure that we're supposed to be reminded of Paul's words in Romans 9.33 about
Jesus being the stone on which men stumble (quoting or alluding to Isaiah
8.13-14 and 28.16). Baden stumbles and rejects Jesus, whom he reduces to an
expletive. By the end of the story, he is explicitly referring to the shark
god as his god and his brother.

Baden's only chance of protection against the evil designs of the shark god
seems to lie in the fish charm which is given to him by the local chief.
There seems to be some sort of contrast being set up between the good
king/chief, with his palace on the land, and the evil priest, with his
temple under water. The chief gives the charm to Baden at a ceremony in the
ruined palace. Later, Baden returns, and this time encounters Rob the
missionary in the temple ruins. That's the occasion when Baden stubs his toe
on the "Christ" stone. However that may be, the fish pendant seems to be
both a pagan charm and an "Icthus", the symbol of Christ. (In any other
author, I would have said that those two meanings were completely mutually
exclusive, but somehow, in Wolfe's stories, he manages to make them
co-exist. Don't ask me how!) It protects Baden from the shark so long as he
wears it, but he doesn't always wear it, and when Hange visits his bungalow
in the night, Baden is persuaded to untie the thong that threads through the
fish charm's eye and give it to Hange.

This seems to be the crucial scene that seals Baden's fate. He is untying
his last safety line to God, his links with his wife and any Christian faith
he may once have possessed. After this, he will share blood with Hange and
become his "blood brother". (Note that Hange's blood tastes to Baden like
seawater. This is because it is shark's blood, which is, I believe - I've
never tasted it! - mostly salt water.) He will be unfaithful to his wife by
having an affair with a native woman. And he himself will become part shark,
able to swim underwater for long periods and...well, this is completely
ambiguous...possibly attack his own family. More on this in a moment.

The way that the charm works, in its "pagan" capacity, seems to be that the
carved fish is "bound" by the thong threaded through its eye. When Baden
undoes the thong, he is both untying himself from any residual Christian
commitment, and setting the shark god free to attack. There may be some sort
of hidden reference to Matthew 12.29 here, except that in this case, the
"strong man" is being untied. (I think that the story even refers to Hange
at this point as a strong man.) There is some sort of third spiritual
presence in the bungalow at this point, but he or it is unable to save Baden
because the knot binding the fish god has been untied.

Is the other presence in the bungalow that of the chief? An angel? Baden
wonders about what happened to his Agency predecessor on the island, and I
don't think that we are ever told. Was he killed? Is it his ghost haunting
the bungalow? I really have no idea.

Baden explicitly denies any belief in Rob's god, although he does believe in
the shark god. When his wife Mary visits him on the island, bringing their
two sons with her, she and the boys are attacked by the shark or the shark
spirit. The account of this attack is fragmented and elliptical, but it
seems to start at the bungalow, half a mile in land. The humans are driven
by the shark spirit to the sea, "like sheep", and there Mary is devoured by
the hammerhead, who takes her up in his "yard-wide jaws". Although the boys
are injured, one of them seriously, Baden is able to save them by attacking
the shark with his knife.

When the attack takes place, Baden realises that the shark god has tricked
him. Like other misleading devils before him, Hange has kept the letter of
their agreement, but not its spirit. Baden proclaims that by attacking his
family, the shark has broken their treaty, because by injuring those he
loves, the shark has effectively attacked him.

Now, it is still possible that it is Baden himself who kills his wife and
injures his son. He is fevered and possibly delirious and, now that he is in
love with a native woman, he has a strong motive for getting rid of the
inconvenient wife who has come looking for him. If this is the case, the
shark on dry land which explicitly does not "swim through the air" when it
comes to attack his family is Baden, who has exchanged blood with Hange is
in some measure possessed by the evil shark spirit. In this reading, he
loses his hand because when he "comes too" in the middle of the murder he
cuts it off himself with his knife to stop himself causing further injury to
those he loves.

Or maybe he really attacks the shark, and that's how he loses the hand. It
would also be how he breaks their agreement not to attack each other.

Anyway, Baden has come to his senses, but it is too late. Mary is dead, and
when Baden sets off in the aircraft to fly one of his sons to Cairns, the
evil shark god is after him, and can be seen swimming below the aircraft.
One of the aircraft's engines has failed, and at the end of the story it is
flying into a thunder storm. It would seem that the hammerhead has become a
thunderhead, and the reader is left with little hope for Baden's physical or
spiritual survival.

I'm glad that this tale is due to be included in the next Wolfe anthology.
I'm one of those who really enjoys Wolfe's short stories, and I think that
this is a very good one. Definitely a horror story, though. If I were being
picky, I might suggest that by introducing gods, ghosts, possession, and
UFOs into such a brief narrative, Wolfe might be slightly over-egging
things. But no, I won't suggest that. I enjoyed the result, grim though it

Nigel (who is delighted actually to have finished one of his Urth list
messages at last. Now to finish the other half dozen waiting in my "Drafts"
folder...plus a similar number of e-mails that I owe to Lupine friends
patiently waiting by the dock of the Bay)


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